THE ARTICLE

THE

el / la / los / las

 

Atención a la pronunciación: The + sustantivo comenzando en consonante.

Singular

Plural

Un libro. El libro.

The book

Un libro. El libro.  Un libro. El libro.

The books

Un zapato. El zapato.

The shoe

Un zapato. El zapato.Un zapato. El zapato.

The shoes

Un reloj. El reloj.

The clock

 

Un reloj. El reloj.   Un reloj. El reloj.

The clocks

The watch

          

The watches

The chair

     

The chairs

 

The table

   

The tables

Una lámpara. La lámpara.

The lamp

Una lámpara. La lámpara.          Una lámpara. La lámpara.

The lamps

Un señor. El Sr. Pérez.

The man

(Mr. Brown)

 

        

The men (irregular)

The woman

(Mrs. Brown)

       

The women (irregular)

The car

  

The cars

The pencil

          

The pencils

The dog

  

The dogs

The cat

  

The cats

The house

  

The houses

The tree

          

The trees

The picture

       

The pictures

The boy (Peter Brown)

          

The boys

The girl (Mary Brown)

   

The girls

The ball pen

     

The ball pens

 

Atención a la pronunciación: The + sustantivo comenzando en vocal.

The elephant

              

The elephants

The apple

        

The apples

The orange

        

The oranges

 

Irregular plurals

1 man (hombre)

2 men

1 woman (mujer)

3 women

1 child (niño/a)

4 children

1 foot (pie)

5 feet

1 knife (cuchillo)

6 knives

1 leaf (hoja)

7 leaves

 

Personal pronouns

        I - yo

        You - tú

        He - él

        She - ella

        It - ello

    We - nosotros/as

    You - vosotros / as, Uds.

    They - ellos / as

 

A - AN

un / a

THIS

este / a / o

Cuando el sustantivo comienza por consonante se utiliza "a".

Cuando el sustantivo comienza por vocal se utiliza "an".

Un libro. El libro.

1.

This is a book.

It is a book.

 

Un zapato. El zapato.

2.

This is a shoe.

It is a shoe.

 

Un reloj. El reloj.

3.

This is a clock.

It is a clock.

4.

This is a watch.

It is a watch.

 

5.

This is a chair.

It is a chair.

 

6.

This is a table.

It is a table.

 

Una lámpara. La lámpara.

7.

This is a lamp.

It is a lamp.

 

Un señor. El Sr. Pérez.

8.

This is a man (Mr. Brown).

He is a man. He is Mr. Brown.

 

Una señora. La Sra. Pérez.

9.

This is a woman.

She is a woman. She is Mrs. Brown.

10.

This is a car.

It is a car.

11.

This is a pencil.

It is a pencil.

12.

This is a dog.

It is a dog.

13.

This is a cat.

It is a cat.

14.

This is a house.

It is a house.

15.

 This is a tree.

It is a tree.

16.

This is a picture.

It is a picture.

17.

This is a boy.

He is Peter Brown.

18.

This is a girl.

She is Mary Brown.

19.

This is a ball pen.

It is a ball pen.

Aquí el sustantivo comienza por vocal. Aquí se utiliza "an".

20

This is an elephant.

It is an elephant.

21.

This is an apple.

It is an apple.

22.

This is an orange.

It is an orange.

 

YES - NO - NOT

sí, no

Un libro. El libro.

1.

Is this a book?

Yes, it is a book (yes, it is).

 

Un zapato. El zapato.

2.

Is this a shoe?

Yes, it is a shoe (yes, it is).

 

Un reloj. El reloj.

3.

Is this a clock?

Yes, it is a clock (yes, it is).

4.

Is this a watch?

Yes, it is a watch (yes, it is).

 

5.

Is this a chair?

Yes, it is a chair (yes, it is).

 

6.

Is this a table?

Yes, it is a table (yes, it is).

 

Una lámpara. La lámpara.

7.

Is this a lamp?

Yes, it is a lamp (yes, it is).

 

Un señor. El Sr. Pérez.

8.

Is this a man?

Yes, he is a man. He is Mr. Brown.

 

Una señora. La Sra. Pérez.

9.

Is this a woman?

Yes, she is a woman. She is Mrs. Brown.

10.

Is this a car?

Yes, it is a car (yes, it is).

11.

Is this a pencil?

Yes, it is a pencil  (yes, it is).

12.

Is this a dog?

Yes, it is a dog (yes, it is).

13.

 Is this a cat?

Yes, it is a cat (yes, it is).

14.

Is this a house?

Yes, it is a house  (yes, it is).

15.

Is this a tree?

Yes, it is a tree (yes, it is).

16.

Is this a picture?

Yes, it is a picture (yes, it is).

17.

Is this a boy?

Yes, he is a boy. He is Peter Brown.

18.

Is this a girl?

Yes, she is a girl. She is Mary Brown.

19.

Is this a pen?

Yes, it is a pen (yes, it is).

Un libro. El libro.

20.

Is this a shoe?

No, it is not a shoe.   It is a book.

 

Un zapato. El zapato.

21.

Is this a clock?

No, it is not a clock.   It is a shoe.

 

Un reloj. El reloj.

22.

Is this a watch?

No, it is not a watch. It is a clock.

23.

Is this a table?

No, it is not a table. It is a watch.

 

BUT

sino, pero

1.

Is this a table?

No, it is not a table but it is a chair.

2.

Is this a lamp?

No, it is not a lamp but it is a table.

Un señor. El Sr. Pérez.

3.

Is he a woman (lady)?

No, he is not a lady but he is a man.

Una señora. La Sra. Pérez.

4.

Is she a car?

No, she is not a car but she is a lady.

 

WHAT?

¿Qué?

Un libro. El libro.

1.

What is this?

It is a book.

2.

What is this?

It is a pencil.

3.

What is this?

It is a ball pen.

4.

What is this?

It is a picture.

5.

What is this?

It is a house.

6.

What is this?

It is a tree.

7.

What is this?

It is a dog.

Un señor. El Sr. Pérez.

8.

What is this?

He is a man.

Una señora. La Sra. Pérez.

9.

What is this?

She is a lady (woman).
 

 

OR

o

Una señora. La Sra. Pérez.

1.

Is she a woman or a girl?

She is a lady (woman).

2.

Is it a car or a lamp?

It is a car.

3.

Is it a cat or a dog?

It is a cat.

4.

Is he a boy or a man?

He is a boy.

5.

Is she a girl or a woman?

She is a girl.

 

THESE

estos / as

AND

y

1.

What are these?

Un libro. El libro.

These are a book and a house.

2.

What are these?

      Un reloj. El reloj.

These are a tree and a clock.

3.

What are these?

     

These are a chair and a dog.

4.

What are these?

     

These are a pencil and a picture.

5.

What are these?

      Un señor. El Sr. Pérez.

These are a cat and a man.

6.

What are these?

   Una señora. La Sra. Pérez.

These are a table and a woman.

7.

What are these?

    

These are a ball pen and a watch.

8.

What are these?

Una lámpara. La lámpara.   

These are a lamp and a picture.

9.

What are these?

Un zapato. El zapato.

These are a car and a shoe.

 

 

THE NUMBERS

los números

 

1

one

2

two

3

three

4

four

5

five

6

six

7

seven

8

eight

9

nine

10

ten

1st.

first

2nd.

second

3rd.

third

4th.

fourth

5th.

fifth

6th.

sixth

7th.

seventh

8th.

eighth

9th.

ninth

10th.

tenth

 

 

Ahora toca hacer los ejercicios. Haz clic aquí.